Khanbogd Investment Comparison

Select a budget year and comparison method to create a comparison list.

About the Khanbogd Investment Comparison Widget

The Khanbogd Investment Comparison Widget is designed to compare relative investment levels in Umnugovi province. The basic question this widget is intended to answer is: Does Khanbogd, where the Oyu Tolgoi copper mine is located, receive an investment bump relative to other soums (counties) in the province?

This is a test of relative position, which is less reliant on accuracy of the available data which spans only two years (2011 and 2012) with an estimate for the third (2013). If the data is inaccurate or incomplete, then it is that way for all soums. As such, the relative positions of each soum should not be affected if the errors are systematic.

The basic formulas for the "Investment Ratio" and "Per Capita" are:

Investment Ratioyear = (National Budgetyear + Aimag Budgetyear) ÷ OT Portionyear
Per Capitayear = (National Budgetyear + Aimag Budgetyear) ÷ Soum Population2010
With, OT Portionyear = Soum Population2010 · (OT Revenuesyear ÷ National Population2010)

The Mongolian budget is complicated and until 2013 does not provide much local autonomy. Excess revenues generated at the local level are transferred to the national level, and base expenses for local governments are calculated using uniformly applied criteria to ensure proportional and fair distribution of the national income. This makes things somewhat easier, because one can assume that each administrative unit starts off on equal footing with its peers.

Things start to get unequal as the national government and provincial government allot grants to administrative units for special projects. This widget assumes that every soum in Mongolia gets a proportional share of Oyu Tolgoi revenue based on population, following the basic method of the budget. Based on this assumption, a ratio of additional national and provincial investment (i.e. revenues) to share of Oyu Tolgoi revenue is calculated. In other words, the ratio shows how much more in revenues each soum receives in addition to its share of Oyu Tolgoi revenue. This assumption is not necessary to test relative position, but it does provide a baseline for thinking about Khanbogd which could in theory receive much more than its equal share from the Oyu Tolgoi mine if it had absolute local autonomy.

The investment figures for 2011 and 2012 come from the Umnugovi government. The figures for 2013 are averages of the 2011 and 2012 figures and serve as basic estimate.

Sources of data for this widget are:

  • Өмнөговь аймгийн засаг даргын тамгын газар, 'Аймгийн засаг даргын мөрийн хөтөлбөрийн хэрэгжилт 2009-2012', Даланзадгад 2012 он, p. 79-104.
  • Oyu Tolgoi, 'Oyu Tolgoi in Numbers',
  • National Statistics Office, '2010 Census by Soum and District',,duurgeer.pdf.
  • Монгол улсын 2013 оны төсвийн танилцуулга,, p. 19-20.
  • National Statistics Office, '2010 Census Main Results',